We can all agree that markers are essential for numerous reasons, from going to an art class to using it for industrial purposes. When it comes to permanent ones, they tend to remain for a long time, almost permanently to a particular surface.
The main idea is that you will be able to use it without thinking that the water will wash it out in the future, which is an essential consideration you should remember.
Of course, permanent markers (Märkpennor) cannot last forever, mostly if you leave it outside, but it will remain much more than other water-soluble options that you can find on the market. Generally, permanent inks were part of our history for thousands of years.
For instance, Summit and Indian markers are still visible and permanent. Simultaneously, the advancement in technology brought us to a point when we can enjoy modern inks that will not affect the ecology the same way as others.
What Makes These Markers Permanent?
Even though we tend to use permanent markers daily, it is challenging to determine how they leave a trail that will last for a long time. Generally, most of them come with essential ingredients that will help you use them with ease.
At the same time, it depends on ingredients whether you will create a clean and reliable line. Most of them feature an airtight plastic tube that features an opening at one end.
The tube features sponge-like material that gets outside of it at the opening, which is part of the market’s tip. The materials within the market will feature ink, and the ink will drain from the tip at the opening, which is exposed.
Remember that every single permanent ink features three essential elements: solvent, colorant, and resin.
- Colorant – We are talking about dye or pigment that will provide you a particular color you wish to use. It does not mean whether you are using pink, neon yellow, red, blue, or black, because colorant will provide you with the color you will see after using it. The main differences between pigments and dyes are that pigments are insoluble in water, while dyes are water-soluble. That is the main reason why most permanent makers tend to use pigments because they are resistant to water, humidity, and other weather conditions.
- Solvent – The essential aspect of permanent markers is the solvent, and without it, they would not work. They are generally liquid carriers that can easily transport and dissolve ink resin and colorant through the sponge. Ink solvents are non-polar, which means that they can dissolve resins and colorants. Back in the day, people used xylene as a solvent but changed it due to toxicity and started using isopropanol and ethanol. As soon as you apply the liquid ink to the paper, the solvent will evaporate into the air, which will leave only resin and colorant on it.
- Resin – Finally, the resin is a glue-like polymer that ensures that the colorant will become a part of the paper or other surface as soon as the solvent disappears. Imagine the moment in which ink was just solvent and colorant because the colorant will become the dust and fall as soon as the solvent evaporated. On the other hand, ink resin is sticky, which means that it will remain on the surface without any additional problem.
You should check here to learn more about permanent markers in general.
Differences Between Non-Permanent and Permanent Markers
The most significant difference between non-permanent and permanent markers is within the ink resin. Generally, in permanent markers, the resin is non-polar, which means that it is not water-soluble.
Therefore, if the ink gets in contact with it, you won’t remove the mark by using water cleaning. On the other hand, you will remove the ink by using dry cleaning, in which clothing is washed in acetone, a non-polar solvent.
On the other hand, non-permanent ones tend to use ink resin that can easily dissolve in water, which means that you can wash it afterward by using a washing machine, among other things.
At the same time, permanent markers tend to use specific types of dyes and pigments that are not water-soluble, making them more challenging to clean after applying.
The Advantages of Permanent Markers
You should remember that one of the most significant benefits of using permanent markers is that you will mark your stuff and belongings without thinking that the mark can come off.
You can also use it for drawing, especially if you wish to draw something that will not fade away like a non-permanent marker. You can use it for writing things on stuff that is outside.
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